Goldfinches usually build their nests in the trunks of dead trees, in the nooks of tree branches or in hidden spots like the eaves of a house. Clutch size – 5 eggs No. They have a bouncy flight during which they frequently make their po-ta-to-chip calls. [27], The American goldfinch is gregarious during the non-breeding season, when it is often found in large flocks, usually with other finches. [34] The American goldfinch also makes a very poor host for brood parasites, with studies showing low hatching rates of brown-headed cowbird eggs and no fledging success. Human activity has generally benefited the American goldfinch. [16], The American goldfinch is occasionally victim to brood parasites, particularly brown-headed cowbirds. [23] The inside diameter of the finished nest is about 6.5 cm (2.6 in). Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. The nest is so tightly woven that it can hold water, and it is possible for nestlings to drown following a rainstorm if the parents do not cover the nest. The immature American goldfinch has a dull brown back, and the underside is pale yellow. The goldfinch is a highly coloured finch with a bright red face and yellow wing patch. McGraw, Kevin J. and Alex L. Middleton. [16], The American goldfinch is found in residential areas throughout its range. (2014). [35], The American goldfinch is a diurnal feeder. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, USA. [20], The song of the American goldfinch is a series of musical warbles and twitters, often with a long note. It makes sense that a birdhouse or nesting box designed for goldfinches should resemble a spot the birds would choose naturally. They meet the recommended size requirement for a finch nest box (~5.5" in length) 13 and may be found for sale online for about $5 (US) per nest. [36], The American goldfinch is not threatened by human activity, and is widespread throughout its range. [17] After the autumn molt, the bright summer feathers are replaced by duller plumage, becoming buff below and olive-brown above, with a pale yellow face and bib. (2019). The nest is usually in a tree towards the end of a branch or in a bush, and often in large gardens and orchards, but also in open woodland and hedgerows. [14] The beak is small, conical, and pink for most of the year, but turns bright orange with the spring molt in both sexes. Due to its small size, a birdhouse for the American Goldfinch does not require oversized dimensions. Looking more closely, the lores and crown are black, the chin and forehead are red and the cheeks are white. Available from http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/. This coincides -- not coincidentally -- with the maturation of the seeds of many of their favorite food plants. The oldest known American goldfinch was 10 years and 5 months old. The call made during flight is "per-twee-twee-twee", or "ti-di-di-di", punctuated by the silent periods. Click to learn more about The American Goldfinch Nesting Preferences . Building a Birdhouse For The American Goldfinch. The smooth, glossy eggs are pale blue with reddish markings, and about 18 mm by 13 mm. It is a social bird, and will gather in large flocks while feeding and migrating. broods – 2 (3) Incubation – 13–15 days Young in nest – 14–17 days. The male frequently flies with the female as she collects nesting materials, and though he may carry some materials back to the nest, he leaves its construction to the female. It takes the female about 6 days to build the nest. A GOLDFINCH NEST is a neat and compact structure, with a deep cup. North American Bird Conservation Initiative. [10][11][12], The American goldfinch is a small finch, 11–14 cm (4.3–5.5 in) long, with a wingspan of 19–22 cm (7.5–8.7 in). Almost any kind of bird feeder may attract American Goldfinches, including hopper, platform, and hanging feeders, and these birds don’t mind feeders that sway in the wind. Lutmerding, J. This small finch is strikingly colourful with its mixture of red, white and black on the head, golden brown body and bright yellow wing bars. In extreme cases, the neck is retracted, the bill opened, the body feathers sleeked, and the tail is fanned and raised slightly. Two or three pairs may group their territories together in a loose colony, perhaps to aid in defense against predators. Although it shares a name with the European goldfinch, the two are in separate genera and are not closely related.