[31] An individual found dead with its beak embedded into the wood of a tree has been suggested as an accident during rapid pursuit of prey, possibly an Indian white-eye. Breeding. Sexes are similar, but juveniles are a duller version of the adult. [10], Local names include Baluchistan: aspi chidok; Sindhi: dalel; Hindi: kilkila, kourilla; Himachal Pradesh: neela machhrala; Punjabi: wadda machhera; Bengali: sandabuk machhranga; Assamese: māsorokā, মাছৰোকা; Cachar: dao natu gophu; Gujarati: kalkaliyo, safedchati kalkaliyo; Marathi: khundya; Tamil: vichuli; Telugu: lakmuka, buchegadu; Malayalam: ponman; Kannada: rajamatsi; Sinhalese: pilihuduwa. White-throated kingfisher average lifespan in or out of captivity is not recorded. [21][28][29], Birds have sometimes been seen attracted to lights at night, especially during the monsoon season, suggesting that they are partly migratory. The white-throated kingfisher is easily identifiable because of its electric bluish-green tinged back and upper wings. Multimedia. fusca. The white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) also known as the white-breasted kingfisher is a tree kingfisher, widely distributed in Asia from the Sinai east through the Indian subcontinent to the Philippines. [5] Halcyon is a name for a bird in Greek mythology generally associated with the kingfisher. White-throated kingfishers live solitarily or in pairs during the breeding season. Listen+2 more audio recordings Large-headed, predominantly brown kingfisher with electric-blue back and wings, heavy orange bill, and snow-white patch from the throat through the breast. (Wells, 1999) Average lifespan Status: captivity 5.5 years AnAge; Behavior. They are particularly noisy in the breeding season. Figures. This species mainly hunts large crustaceans,[17] insects, earthworms,[18] rodents, snakes, fish and frogs. Originally Appeared in . The white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) also known as the white-breasted kingfisher is a tree kingfisher, widely distributed in Asia from the Sinai east through the Indian subcontinent to the Philippines.This kingfisher is a resident over much of its range, although some populations may make short distance movements. Audio. The range of the species is expanding. They vary clinally in size, the shades of blue on the mantle which is more greenish in smyrnensis and fusca and more blue or purplish in saturatior. Large-headed, predominantly brown kingfisher with electric-blue back and wings, heavy orange bill, and snow-white patch from the throat through the breast. Sign up for our mailing list to get latest updates and offers. In this article, I am going to disuss about white-throated kingfisher sound, scientific name, habitat, facts, lifespan, natural habitat, etc. Its head, shoulders, flanks and lower belly are chestnut, and the throat and breast are white. The White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) also known as the White-breasted Kingfisher or Smyrna Kingfisher, is a tree kingfisher, widely distributed in Eurasia from Bulgaria, Turkey, east through South Asia to the Philippines. Gives jarring, raptor-like descending trills and cackles, often in flight. Sound Zen. [23] A few parasites have been noted. They subsequently perch and continue digging the nest with their bills. White Throated Kingfisher, Panna. [12], This species forms a superspecies with Halcyon cyanoventris and most major works recognize four geographic races. [21], With a powerful bill and rapid flight, these kingfishers have few predators when healthy and rare cases of predation by a black kite[30] and a jungle crow may be of sick or injured birds. During the breeding season they call loudly in the mornings from prominent perches including the tops of buildings in urban areas or on wires. [19][20] Predation of small birds such as the Indian white-eye, chick of a red-wattled lapwing, sparrows and munias have been reported. Conservation Status. [9] The races H. s. perpulchra and H. s. fokiensis are sometimes included in H. s. [8] Support for this treatment was provided by a molecular study published in 2017 that found that H. s. gularis was more closely related to the Javan kingfisher (H. cyanoventris) than it was to the white-throated kingfisher. The flight of the white-throated kingfisher is rapid and direct, the short rounded wings whirring. It can often be found well away from water where it feeds on a wide range of prey that includes small reptiles, amphibians, crabs, small rodents and even birds. He coined the binomial name Alcedo smyrnensis. Illustrations. [4] The present genus Halcyon was introduced by the English naturalist and artist William John Swainson in 1821. Photos. This kingfisheris a resident over much of its range, although some populations may make short distance movements. They also raise their bill high and display the white throat and front. Race fusca is found in Peninsular India and Sri Lanka and is slightly smaller, bluer and with a darker brown underside than the nominate race found in northwestern India. This kingfisher is a resident over much of its range, although some populations may make short distance movements. Nature collapse imminent without investment, 'Wildlife Conservation 20' warns G20, From student representative to Kazakhstan conservation CEO, Call for proposals: cultural landscapes in Lebanon, Smyrna Kingfisher, White-breasted Kingfisher, Bhutan to e India, Indochina, the Malay Pen. [2][3] Linnaeus cites Eleazar Albin's Natural History of Birds published in 1738 which includes a description and a plate of the "Smirna Kingfisher". Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family overviews when you subscribe to Birds of the World. [34], "A phylogeny of kingfishers reveals an Indomalayan origin and elevated rates of diversification on oceanic islands", "Vernacular Names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent", "Status and density of kingfishers (family: Alcedinidae, Halcyonidae and Cerylidae) in the Sundarbans mangrove forest, Bangladesh", "Earthworms in the dietary of the Whitebreasted Kingfisher, "Feeding behaviour of Whitebreasted Kingfisher, "Freak accidental death of a White-breasted Kingfisher, "Notes on the diet of nestling White-throated Kingfishers, "Nesting habits of the Indian Whitebreasted Kingfisher, "New nesting site of the Indian Whitebreasted Kingfisher, "Breeding biology of White-breasted Kingfisher, "Government of India webpage for National and State symbols", White-throated kingfisher videos, photos & sounds, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=White-throated_kingfisher&oldid=984946426, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Oommen, M; Andrews, MI (1998) Food and feeding habits of the Whitebreasted Kingfisher, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 01:30. Photos: doritbz, Thai pix Wildlife photography,,, Anton Photos, jlaff98, Bjorn Johansson, Masood Hussain, vladimirmorozov, Gurusan2010 Flickr.com. [11], This is a large kingfisher, 27–28 cm (10.6–11.0 in) in length. Average density of 4.58 individuals per km2. This kingfisher is a resident over much of its range, although some populations may make short distance movements.