Prunus serotina is a pioneer species. The flowers give rise to reddish-black "berries" (drupes) fed on by birds,[4] 5–10 mm (1⁄4–3⁄8 in) in diameter. Range may be expanded by planting. Noteworthy Characteristics. Prunus serotina, commonly called black cherry, wild cherry or wild rum cherry, is native to eastern North America, Mexico and Central America.In Missouri, it typically occurs in both lowland and upland woods and along streams throughout the state (Steyermark). Variety Prunus serotina Ehrh. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). En: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Leiden: 161-171. More Information: Rosaceae "Black cherry" redirects here. Prunus serotina is a pioneer species. Prunus serotina is native to North America. Flower: Small white flowers in hanging, narrow clusters 4 to 6 inches long, appearing in late spring. Germination rates are high, and the seeds are widely dispersed by birds and bears[13] who eat the fruit and then excrete them. Semi shade tolerant it can persist as a small understory tree amongst more open canopies and, in the absence of fire, can establish in open fields and disturbed habitats via the spread of its seeds by birds. Form: Medium sized tree which (on good sites) develops a long, straight, clear bole and can reach heights approaching 100 feet. McVaugh – capulí P: Species Prunus serrulata Lindl. Prunus serotina is a medium-sized, fast-growing forest tree growing to a height of 50–80 ft (15–24 m). [14] It has acted as an invasive species there, negatively affecting forest community biodiversity and regeneration. Attributes: Genus: Prunus Species: serotina Family: Rosaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): Native Americans used the inner bark to treat colds. Bark: Smooth with numerous short, narrow, horizontal lenticels when young; becomes very dark (nearly black), breaking up into small, rough, irregular, upturned plates (burnt corn flakes), when older. External Links: 1997. High quality cherry timber is known for its strong orange hues and high price. Horticulture Information - An almond-like odor is released when a young twig is scratched and held close to the nose, revealing minute amounts of cyanide compounds produced and stored by the plant as a defense mechanism against herbivores.[10][11]. Black cherry is a leading cause of livestock illness,[citation needed] and grazing animals' access to it should be limited. Starfinger U. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 20 - 30 m (66 – 99 ft) high. Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Prunus serotina, Rosaceae. capuli) is a tree species that is widely distributed in the northern Andes. - fire cherry black cherry Rosaceae Prunus serotina Ehrh. Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating. USDAFS FEIS Silvics Gleason, Henry A. and Arthur Cronquist. Gleason and Cronquist (1991) describe P. serotina as "[f]ormerly a forest tree, now abundant as a weed-tree of roadsides, waste land, and forest-margins". In the Midwest, it is seen growing mostly in old fields with other sunlight-loving species, such as black walnut, black locust, and hackberry. serotina – black cherry P: Variety Prunus serotina Ehrh. Entire fencerows can be lined with this poisonous tree, making it difficult to monitor all the branches falling into the grazing area. It is a moderately long-lived tree, with ages of up to 258 years known, though it is prone to storm damage, with branches breaking easily; any decay resulting, however, only progresses sl… [clarification needed] These enzymes include amygdalin beta-glucosidase, prunasin beta-glucosidase and mandelonitrile lyase. Looks like: sweet cherry Fall leaf color is yellow to red. (eds.) Regulatory process names 2 IUPAC names 1 Other identifiers 2 . Jørgensen, P. M., M. H. Nee & S. G. Beck. American Black Cherry. Black cherry is closely related to the chokecherry (Prunus virginiana); chokecherry, however, tends to be shorter (a shrub or small tree) and has smaller, less glossy leaves. - choke cherry The species is widespread and common in North America and South America.[5][6][7][8]. Flowers are small, white and 5-petalled, in racemes 4–6 in (10–15 cm) long which contain several dozen flowers. USDAFS Forest Products Lab Flowers are small, white and 5-petalled, in racemes 4–6 in (10–15 cm) long which contain several dozen flowers. Capuli (Prunus serotina subsp. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: As with most cherries, the black cherry tree it is susceptible to a large number of insect and disease pests. Additional Range Information: Substance identity Substance identity. The eastern tent caterpillar defoliates entire groves some springs. The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Prunus serotina . VII. Stypiński P. 1979. "Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, Second Edition." All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 129: 437–463. Vol. The foliage, particularly when wilted, also contains cyanogenic glycosides, which convert to hydrogen cyanide if eaten by animals. McVaugh – black cherry P: Variety Prunus serotina Ehrh. Prunus serotina can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. P. serotina is a host of caterpillars of various Lepidoptera (see List of Lepidoptera which feed on Prunus). 2014. Seed production begins around 10 years of age, but does not become heavy until 30 years and continues up to 100 years or more. serotina Ehrh. virens (Wooton & Standl.) Twig: Slender, reddish brown, sometimes covered in gray epidermis, pronounced bitter almond odor and taste; buds are very small (1/5 inch),covered in several glossy, reddish brown to greenish scales; leaf scars are small and semicircular with 3 bundle scars. In: "Plant Invasions: Studies from North America and Europe" (eds by J.H. Removal is not always practical, though, because they often grow in very large numbers on farms, taking advantage of the light brought about by mowing and grazing. Prunus virginiana, commonly called bitter-berry, chokecherry, ... (Prunus serotina) of eastern North America; it is most readily distinguished from that by its smaller size (black cherry trees can reach 100 ft tall), smaller leaves, and sometimes red ripe fruit. symbol: PRSE2 Prunus serotina (black cherry), commonly known in Mexico as capulín, is used in Mexican traditional medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular, respiratory, and gastrointestinal diseases. B.E. Latin Name: Prunus serotina; Other Common Names: Black cherry, rum cherry, mountain wild cherry, and wild black cherry; Native to: North America; USDA Zones: 4 to 9; Height: 40 to 90 feet tall; Read More. [22] In contrast, although the flesh of cherries also contains these compounds, it does not contain the enzymes needed to produce cyanide, so the flesh is safe to eat.[23]. Prunus serotina ssp. Rosaceae. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. [19], Like apricots and apples, the seeds of black cherries contain cyanogenic glycosides, compounds that can be converted into cyanide, such as amygdalin. USDAFS Silvics of North America - Print infocard. The hard, reddish-brown wood takes a fine polish and is commercially valued for use in a large number of products such as furniture, veneers, cabinets, interior paneling, gun stocks, instrument/tool handles, and musical instruments. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information.