While these knees may pose a mowing hazard, treat them as ornamental features by including them in mulched, defined beds. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Closeup of leaves and cones of Taxodium distichum. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. The largest known individual in SC is in Congaree National Park in Richland County where the “SC Champion” is 127 feet tall, 50 feet wide, and a circumference of 26 feet (July 2002 measurements). 1995. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. In the fall, the branchlets of stems and leaves change to tan and then turn orange to reddish-brown before they are shed. Unlike most cone-bearing trees, bald-cypress loses its needles each winter and grows a new set in spring. Photo by Bob Polomski ©2014, Clemson University. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Bald-cypress has been successfully used as a street tree and in parking lot plantings in many municipalities, including Mt. Like other conifers, the bald cypress produces waxy needles instead of leaves. Photo by Bob Polomski ©2014, Clemson University. Site this species and its cultivars on the edges of streams, lakes, or ponds; however, it will also prosper on higher, drier sites. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Taxodium distichum in the fall in Easley, SC. Photo by Bob Polomski ©2014, Clemson University. Healthy, well-maintained plants in the proper growing conditions usually have few problems. Closeup of Taxodium ascendens upright leafy branchlets. Unlike many other coniferous species, however, this tree is deciduous. Some have reported the occurrence of knees appearing in heavily irrigated lawns or low, waterlogged areas. Tripp, K. E. and J. C. Raulston. 1990. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Occasionally it will be necessary to remove dead branches. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, D.C. http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm. Stipes Pub., Champaign, IL. In the wild, bald-cypress can become a large tree attaining a height of 100 to 150 feet and a few hundred years of age. Taxodium ascendens at the SC Botanical Garden. Building the urban forest for 2050. A screen of Taxodium distichum ‘Peve Minaret’ at Moore Farms and Botanical Garden in Lake City, SC. Hardwoods. Stop by, email, or call. Shawnee Brave® bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum ‘Mickelson’) is narrowly pyramidal, 50 feet high and 20 feet wide, good for small urban spaces. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. 2015. Its bright green needles turn bronzy-red in some years. Montezuma-cypress tends to be more compact and have shorter leaves and smaller cones than bald- or pond-cypress. Cox, T. and J. M. Ruter. Bald-cypress’s two-ranked needles (arranged in two rows on either side of a narrow stem) leaf out chartreuse in the spring and mature to light green in early summer. In autumn needles change from russet to golden brown. Hardy and tough, this tree will adapt to a wide range of soil types, whether wet, dry, or even swampy. Bald-cypress is relatively maintenance-free and requires pruning only to remove dead wood and unwanted lower branches which persist on the tree. It can be espaliered against walls or draped over walls to allow its branches to cascade; 20 feet high and wide at maturity. Pond Cypress: Pond-cypress or pond bald-cypress (Taxodium ascendens) is also native to the U.S. (USDA cold hardiness zones (4) 5-11), although it’s found in the southern portion of the range of bald-cypress from the southeastern Coastal Plain of NC to LA and southeast Texas. For best growth and appearance, it must be planted in permanently wet conditions or shallow water in full sun. Photo by Bob Polomski ©2014, Clemson University. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at firstname.lastname@example.org or 1-888-656-9988. Go to list of cultivars. They can be clustered together to create a grove or copse, planted near water features or along shorelines, planted as deciduous hedges or screens between properties, or in border plantings along driveways. Our trees. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Expected height and spread is 50 to 60 feet and 20 to 25 feet, respectively. Typically found growing in saturated soils, seasonally flooded areas, swamps and stream banks, the natural range of bald-cypress extends from the Atlantic Coastal Plain in southern Delaware south to Florida, and then west along the lower Gulf Coast Plain to Texas. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. If a bald cypress tree grows where summers are long and hot, often the green needles naturally begin to attain a more yellowy and eventually brownish look as early as late summer. That means that it loses its needles before winter. In addition, the light, yellow-green foliage of the bald cypress hangs loosely from the tree. Root aeration function of baldcypress knees (. “Cypress knees” of Taxodium distichum. In wet areas, bald-cypresses produce “cypress knees,” technically called pneumataphores. (See the famous Cypress-of-Tule or “El Gigante” Montezuma-cypress). If the summer was unusually hot and dry, leaf browning or bronzing occurs much earlier, especially during the midsummer. Mature height and spread is 50 feet and 16 feet, respectively. Tripp and Raulston wrote that Montezuma cypress held its sandy gold fall color late into December in Raleigh, NC. Pond-cypress is found naturally in wet, boggy areas with standing or slow-moving water. It’s considered the “gold standard” of columnar (fastigiated) forms of pond-cypress. Our communities. The russet-red fall color of its lacy needles is one of its outstanding characteristics. Landscaping with conifers and ginkgo for the southeast. Peve Minaret bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum ‘Peve Minaret’) is a dwarf cultivar growing 8 to 10 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide. Closeup of Taxodium distichum ‘Peve Minaret’ at Moore Farms and Botanical Garden in Lake City, SC. ‘Nutans’: First described in 1926, it’s considered one of the best forms with short, very horizontal branches and dense, airy needles. Pleasant, Sumter, Columbia, and Easley, SC. Expect a mature height of 50 and a spread of 12 feet. Hutchinson’s tree book: A reference guide to popular landscape trees. The tree has a very soft , feathery look. This cultivar is also available as a standard where the scion or “head” of ‘Cascade Falls’ is grafted at least five feet high up on T. distichum understock. This versatility and durability has led to its successful cultivation in landscapes, parking lots, and streetscapes. Shawnee Brave™ (‘Mickelson’): Strong narrow pyramidal to columnar form with a dense crown; 50 to 75 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide. ‘Pendens’: Weeping pyramidal form has nearly horizontal branches with drooping or nodding tips. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1033 | Published: Aug 21, 2014 | Print, Taxodum distichum in Spartanburg, SC. Green needles turn golden copper than bronze before being shed. May show chlorosis symptoms (yellowing) in high pH (alkaline) soil. It tends to produce a relatively straight trunk without pruning. Green Whisper® bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum ‘JFS-SGPN’) has very bright green foliage. ‘Woolly Mammoth: ‘Woolly Mammoth’ is a cultivar of Canton water pine introduced by Rob Means of Yadkin Valley Nursery in Yadkinville, NC; it has a better form than the species and slightly bluer new growth. As a bald-cypress ages, its trunk becomes fluted and unusually thick or buttressed at its base. This is one of the few conifers (cone-bearing trees) that loses its needles in winter and grows a new set in spring. Bald-cypress cones are reminiscent of the cones of the giant coastal redwoods of California (Sequoia sempervirens), which are members of the redwood family (Taxodiaceae). 6th ed. Expect light, dappled shade from its delicate, feathery foliage. Have tree and plant questions? This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named.